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The obituaries for Harold Pinter concentrated almost exclusively on his contribution to the theatre. A single par, even a mere few words, were generally all that his substantial contribution to the cinema apparently warranted. Here, Geoff Gardner makes amends ...

There were a number of fine film adaptations of Harold Pinterís work that via TV and now DVD would have been seen by many more people than ever attended a production of his work. But there they lie, almost completely ignored, filmed adaptations, mostly of the early plays to add to a long string of script credits including, most especially, a fruitful series of collaborations with Joseph Losey that, in the 60s and 70s substantially enhanced the reputations of both the writer and the director.

"a breakthrough work"

Loseyís career was merely muddling along before the collaboration started. He was making mostly low budget films in Britain where and when he could. He had just made perhaps his greatest film, The Criminal at the very low rent Merton Park Studios. The Damned (1962) had been made for Hammer Studios. Blind Date (1959) was a low budget detective story and Eva (1962) despite its big budget, was an international disaster. They were however, films which addressed some tough issues and attracted some positive reviews as well as high quality actors and writers into the directorís orbit. Notwithstanding that, none of those films were box office successes. Yet somehow or other the money for The Servant (1963) was conjured up by Losey via his agent Robin Fox and Lesley Grade provided he could keep the budget to $500,000. Losey, Pinter and Dirk Bogarde then combined to make an off beat, baroque, and highly erotic movie from Robin Maughamís very short novella and together, with gusto, they peeled back the skin of the British class system to do some revelling in personal weakness and corruption. It was a breakthrough work for all three and their films both together and separately, were treated very differently following its success.

The three collaborated again in 1967 with Accident, an adaptation of Nicholas Mosleyís very British novel and on L P Hartley's masterpiece The Go-Between. The Go Between was a Cannes prize-winner in 1970 and a huge success around the world. One amazingly ambitious project never came to pass, an adaptation of Proustís Remembrance of Thingís Past, though Pinterís six hour script was apparently once performed in a reading at the National Theatre in London.

"adaptations of just about anything"

Beyond these highlights Pinter seemed ever ready to do adaptations of just about anything. He ranged from domestic dramas to a common or garden spy story and in each, the so-called Pinteresque dialogue which the obituaries have laboured over, was always somewhere present. Alec Guinness proved particularly adroit at delivering those short, clipped lines and pregnant pauses for the otherwise unremarkable The Quiller Memorandum directed by Michael Anderson in 1966).

The range of this element of his work is noteworthy and most authors were well-served by Pinterís transformations. His filmed scripts included The Pumpkin Eater (Penelope Mortimer/Jack Clayton, 1964), The Last Tycoon (F. Scott Fitzgerald/Elia Kazan (1976), The French Lieutenantís Woman (John Fowles/Karel Reisz, 1981), Turtle Diary (Russell Hoban/John Irvin, 1985), Reunion (Fred Uhlman/Jerry Schatzberg, 1989), The Handmaidís Tale (Margaret Atwod/Volker Schlondorff, 1990), The Comfort of Strangers (Ian McEwan/Paul Schrader, 1990) and the remake of Sleuth (Peter Shaffer/Kenneth Branagh, 2007). One adaptation for TV that remains unseen here as far as I know is his TV adaptation of Kafka's the Trial, made in 1996 and starring Anthony Hopkins.

Pinter also directed a film adaptation of Simon Grayís Butley done as part of the American Film Theatre series of film versions of modern drama in 1974. He also directed several TV films. The film adaptations of Pinterís plays were all high quality movies though none were very successful with filmgoers. They began with Clive Donnerís version of The Caretaker (1963) and this was quickly followed by William Friedkinís version of The Birthday Party (1965). Pinterís own The Homecoming was also done as a part of the American Film Theatre series by Peter Hall and later David Jones did an interesting version of Betrayal (1982), the last film produced by the legendary Sam Spiegel.

Pinter also seemed to enjoy the social life of making movies and appeared in quite a few small roles including in both The Servant and Accident. Losey recounts how Pinter was very involved in the shooting of both films, a presence on the set which added apparently to the morale of the enterprises. He had a very funny part as Uncle Benny in John Boormanís Le Carre adaptation The Tailor of Panama (2001) and small roles in movies as oddly diverse as Mansfield Park (Patricia Rozema, 1999), The Tamarind Seed (Blake Edwards, 1974) and The Rise and Rise of Michael Rimmer (Kevin Billington,1970).

"a rare tribute"

A couple of years ago a major season of Pinterís work for the cinema was presented in New York. It was a rare tribute for a writer in the director or thematically-oriented world of film cultural programming. Pinter was a most deserving case for such attention. As a writer of original scripts, adaptations of his own and other work, most notably modern British writers, as a director and even as an actor his contribution was unique. His work in film was in many ways a seamless continuation of his original work for the theatre which is the basis of what will be an enduring reputation. It shouldnít have be nearly completely overlooked in any assessment of the manís life and work.

There have been a huge number of TV adaptations done of his own plays in all parts of the world and as well there have been a seemingly limitless number of profiles, interviews, reviews, discussions and colloquia devoted to his work. He seemed to freely participate in all of these, perhaps mindful that the theatre is a public art and relies on the electronic media for endless amounts of publicity. But he was much more than a practitioner of the high art of the theatre and there are instant reminders of his work everywhere. He took on with great gusto the duties of the artist to discuss, expose, crusade, engage and enrage. If you want a quick reminder you can find it on the shelves where The Servant, Accident, The Go Between, The Comfort of Strangers and The Last Tycoon are freely there for all to see. Maybe soon someone will add The Pumpkin Eater and Jerry Schatzberg's very under-rated Reunion to that list to serve as further reminders that Pinter practiced a craft within the film industry as well as the art of the theatre.

(Note: Geoff Gardner will be presenting a course focussing on Pinter's film adaptations at the Eastern Suburbs Community College later this year)

Published January 22, 2009

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Harold Pinter, CH, CBE, Nobel Laureate (10 October 1930 Ė 24 December 2008), was an English playwright, screenwriter, actor, director, poet, author, and political activist considered by many "the most influential and imitated dramatist of his generation."

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